Production Planning and Control (P.P.C) involves the organization of the total manufacturing system to produce a product. The objective of production planning is to provide a physical system together with a set of operating guideline for efficient conversion of raw material, human skill & other inputs into finished products.
Factors determining Production Planning & Control
1) Volume of production
The amount of production planning is determined by the volume of operation & nature of manufacturing process It helps to reduce manufacturing cost.
2) Nature Of production Process
In the job shop production system production planning may be informal & the development of work methods is left to individual workmen who are highly skilled, In high volume production many production designers, engineers & methods are involved.
3) Nature of Operation
Details production planning is required for repetitive operation for eg In case of a single standardized product the variants in the manufacturing approach are.
i) Manufacturing through order
ii) Manufacturing for stocks & Sale
4) Magnitude of operations
The size of operations& distance traveled by the parts from operation to operation is important in establishing proper PPC.