Introduction to Interview & its Types
The word interview comes from Latin and Middle French words meaning to “see between” or “see each other”. Generally, an interview is a private meeting between people where questions are asked and answered. The person who answers the questions is called in the interviewee & person who asks the questions is called an interviewer.
According to Gary Dessler, “An interview is a procedure designed to obtain information from a person’s oral response to oral inquiries.”
According to Thill and Bovee, “An interview is any planned conversation with a specific purpose involving two or more people”.
Types of interview
There are many types of interviews that an organization can arrange. It depends on the objectives of taking the interview. Some important types of interviews are stated below
1.Personal interview: Personal interviews include:
- Selection of the employees
- Promotion of the employees
- Retirement and resignation of the employees
Of course, this type of interview is designed to obtain information through discussion and observation about how well the interviewer will perform a job.
2.Evaluation interview: This is an interview which takes place annually to review the progress of the employee is called the evaluation interviews. Naturally, it is occurring between superiors and subordinates. The main objective of this interview is to find out the strengths and weaknesses of the employees.
3.Persuasive interview: This interview is designed to understand the persuasive talent of the employee about a product or an idea. When a sales representative talks with a target buyer, persuasion takes in the form of convincing the target that the product his needs.
4. Structured interview: Structured interviews follow formal procedures predetermined with an agenda or questions.
5.Unstructured interview When the interview does not follow the formal rules or procedures. It is called an unstructured interview. The discussion will probably be free-flowing and may shift rapidly form on the subject to another depending on the interests of the interviewee and the interviewer.
6.Counseling interview: This may be arranged to find out what has been troubling the workers and why someone has not been working.
7. Disciplinary interview: Disciplinary interviews are occurring when an employee has been accused of breaching the organization’s rules and procedures
8.Stress interviews: It is designed to place the interviewee in a stress situation in order to observe the interviewees reaction.
9.Informal or conversational interview: In the conversational interview, no predetermined questions are asked, in order to remain as open and adaptable a possible to the interviewee’s nature and priorities; during the interview, the interviewer goes with the flow.
10.General interview: The guided approach is intended to ensure that the same general areas of information are collected from each interviewee this provides more focus than the conversational approach but still allows a degree of freedom and adaptability in getting the information from the interviewee.
11.Standardized or open-ended interview: Here the same open-ended questions are asked to all interviewees; this approach facilitates faster interviews faster interviews that can be more easily analyzed and compared.
12. Closed or fixed-response interview: This is a interview where interviewers ask the same questions and interviewee is asked to choose answers from the same set of alternatives. This format is useful for those who have not practiced in interviewing.