Recruitment starts when the organization does a proper human resource planning. In recruitment, organization focus on appointing an efficient employee in a concerned department. Recruitment is a very crucial element because here the organization needs to do a lot of searches and filter the candidate as per the requirement.
According to Edwin B. Flippo, “It is a process of searching for prospective employees and stimulating and encouraging them to apply for jobs in an organization.”
In the words of Dale Yoder, “Recruitment is the process to discover the sources of manpower to meet the requirements of the staffing schedule and to employ effective measures for attracting that manpower in adequate numbers to facilitate effective selection of an efficient working force”.
Sources Of Recruitment
These are sources which are available in the organization itself which requires fewer efforts and less cost.
These are the best source of recruitment were one employee is being transferred from one location to another of the same company. Many times there might not be a change in designation or hike in payment just the motive will be filling the vacant posts.
It means the present employees in the organization suggest his references about appointing a new employee to whom he will be knowing more. Here there will be less or zero risk of appointing an unknown employee.
Here the employees are being given a promotion with an increase in their designation and pay hike according to their post. The present employee will be an effective source as they will also be motivated and happy after giving an increment & organization will also have been knowing the employees’ capabilities.
Here again, a new change will be given to that employee who has left the organization these employees might be the retired employees who might be ready to work on a part-time basis or with less payment.
II. External Sources
These are sources where the organization has to search the employees from the external environment and then finalize the candidates according to the requirement of the organization.
These are the common source here the organization advertises in different ways like displaying a pop up adds on the internet or giving an ad. In the newspaper, professional journals etc.
Here the aspiring organization gives details of employee requirement to the employment exchange office than the exchange matches the candidate’s information with them to the organization requirement and then suggest the required candidates.
This is the most commonly used source here organization HR staff visit the colleges with courses like management, engineering and conduct aptitude test and later personal interviews to select the candidates as per required vacant posts.
If the organization is hiring for construction, hotels, etc. all recruits come from unions. This is advantageous from the management point of view as it saves expenses of recruitment.